Tag Archives: naming

Hot Off the Press

Vital to the core mission of the Transitional Learning Center is the conducting of research designed to enhance understanding of and improve treatment strategies for brain injury. The result of this research finds its home in publication in a wide range of top professional journals and chapter after chapter in books relied upon by the traumatic brain injury treatment community. Recently, TLC staff neuropsychologists Drs. Dennis Zgaljardic and Matthew Lambert along with staff occupational therapist Rebekah Miller published a paper on the reliability and validity of a newer test to determine naming deficits. Difficulty with the naming of objects (for example: saying “fork” when you mean “pencil”), known as anomia, is not uncommon with patients who have brain injuries (particularly if the injury is to the left hemisphere of the brain). However since most tests of cognitive abilities are developed using members of the healthy population as a testing sample, it is unclear to what degree these tests might be appropriate when applied to other populations (such as patients with brain injuries). Identifying which tests should or should not be used with a brain injured population is an extremely important component of treatment. Using a test that is not appropriate for an individual with a brain injury can lead to misdiagnosis and based on that misdiagnosis, incorrect treatment.
The paper, titled Naming Test of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery: Reliability and Validity in a Sample of Patients with Acquired Brain Injury, was published this past December in the Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology.  In the study, the researchers compared the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) Naming test with various other neuropsychological tests. The Neuropsychological Assessment Battery is a relatively new group of tests designed to measure a wide range of cognitive skills including memory, attention and of course naming. For the NAB Naming test to be found appropriate for use in a brain injured population, the researchers first looked to see if the test scores correlated with scores on other similar tests that have been shown to be valid with such a population. For instance, a person who scores highly on the NAB Naming test should similarly do well on another naming test. The researchers found this to be true. Next, the researchers looked to see if the NAB Naming test scores were not correlated to unrelated tests. For example, a person’s score on the NAB Naming test should have nothing to do with his or her score on an attention task. This also was found to be true. Thus, the NAB Naming test was found to be an appropriate test to use with individuals who have brain injuries.

Below is a link to the paper abstract:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23714104

Learn about brain injury treatment services at the Transitional Learning Center: tlcrehab.org

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Teacher Supply Stores

Many brain injury survivors and their families wonder about where they can find useful activities to improve the deficits left in the wake of a brain injury.  A favorite place of mine to find these types of activities is the teacher supply store.  You do not need to be a teacher to shop at one of these stores.

Teachers will work on skills such as reading, memory, perception and problem-solving.  All of these may be skills that a brain injury survivor needs to work on.  For instance, teacher supply stores have story cards to  practice memory, photograph libraries to practice naming and puzzles to practice visual-spatial skills.  The first time you go to one of these stores you will want to spend some time walking through the aisles and familiarizing yourself with all of the available selections as the inventory there is generally quite different from that of a typical retail store.  Every city with a reasonably sized population will have at least one of these stores.  In my experience, every store will have the same type of core material but some stores tend to specialize and may have particular items that other stores may miss.  The prices at these stores are usually pretty reasonable so you can often get some great activities under a more limited budget.

Learn about brain injury treatment services at the Transitional Learning Center: tlcrehab.org